Reconstruction of the nipple areola

Reconstruction of the nipple areola

Reconstruction of the nipple areola complex (NAC) is the final stage in the process of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction, usually occurring at least 3-4 months after augmentation in cancer patients. This component provides the final aesthetic for a completed breast formation. Various methods exist to recreate the nipple, ranging from tattoos, to grafts, and surgical flap reconstructions.

The most common problem following nipple reconstruction is a decrease in projection or nipple flattening.

 

While the research and techniques for nipple reconstruction have continued to evolve, no one standard exists and each physician brings with him or her a unique and individualized repertoire from the multitude of possible leaned techniques. As it stands today, physicians need to decide along with their patients which available option is possible and will work best.

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